Sony Arouje Blog

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Posts Tagged ‘Dependency Graph

NDepend a .NET Code Scanner

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This post is a very brief overview of NDepend, a static code analysis tool. In this post am just touching some key feature of NDepend. I didn’t have much idea about NDepend until Patrick Smacchia introduced it to me recently. After I got the pro license I did a quick glance of NDepend, I felt like it’s a code scanner for developers just like body scanner for doctors :).

Installation of NDepend is very simple, download the zip from NDepend site with the secret code. Just unzip and drop the license xml file, that’s it. Tools provides a VS addin as well. If you want to add NDepend to VS IDE then install NDepend.Install.VisualStudioAddin.exe. Open the Visual Studio and you can see the NDepend Menu.

I thought of writing this blog after going through the features of NDepend. First I thought I will analyze any of my existing code but I didn’t feel comfortable in analyzing old codes. One reason is, I might have forgotten how the function calls and the dependency structure. So I decided to write a new application and run NDepend on it, so that I can benchmark it better. I wrote a Twitter Public timeline reader for WP7 to test NDepend. You all can see the details of that project in my previous post.

Now it’s time to go through the code analysis using NDepend. The time to gather the data for code analysis is pretty fast, NDepend didn’t make me wait for long. The first thing I wanted to see is the Dependency Graph, below is the graph it generated

image

You might be noticed that some arrow is in different size, this is what the context sensitive help of NDepend says

On this graph, the thicknesses of edges are proportional to the strength of coupling in terms of number of members involved

How cool it is, by just looking at this graph I can visualize how much is the coupling between the assemblies. Clicking on the arrow will give you an info window on the right side and will provide the details of the coupling.

One of the excellent part of this tool is, it have a very good help, you will never get stuck any where. For e.g. below is the class browser of NDepend

image

By clicking on the assembly in the NDepend class browser will display the details about the assembly. You may not get each and every details, don’t worry all those labels are hyperlinked to NDepend site and they provided decent help document.

CQL

One of the well know feature of NDepend is Code Query Language (CQL). It’s a new experience for me to write a SQL kind of query against assembly. For E.g. I can write a query like below to find out the unused methods in my project

SELECT TOP 20 METHODS WHERE
MethodCa == 0 AND      
!IsPublic AND !IsEntryPoint AND       
!IsExplicitInterfaceImpl
AND !IsClassConstructor AND 
!IsFinalizer 

When you run NDepend against your assemblies it will generate a standard list of queries to analyze your code. If you feel like it’s not sufficient then the tool provided the flexibility to you to write your own CQL query. It provides a very good query editor with intelisence. You can go to NDepend site to get more help on CQL.

I was so amazed about this query functionality of NDepend, I just wanted to know how the NDepend query the assembly. My search leads to Patrick’s reference about Cecil, one of the open source project to inspect libraries in ECMA CIL format. With the help of Cecil they implemented the CQL, a wonderful piece of functionality in NDepend.

Dependency Matrix

Its a very handy feature of NDepend, it will give you matrix structure of the Assembly dependency as shown below

image

In this matrix I can see dependency in a matrix format. I clicked on the intersection point of TwitterApp and TwitterClientAPI (TwitterApp is on left and TwitterClientAPI is on the top). As you can see the tool give me a plain english description that 5 Methods of TwitterApp is using 11 members of TwitterClientAPI. I was curious and wanted to see which are all the methods of my TwitterClientAPI.TwitterCommunicator class is used by TwitterApp.

I only wanted to do is just expand the TwitterClientAPI on the top and again expand the TwitterCommunicatorAPI as shown below. The matrix shows that TwitterApp is calling GetPublicTimeLine function ones, yes its true. Same like it will display for other functions as well.

image

As I told earlier in the post, the tool also provides a pictorial Dependency Graph representation. You can get the same dependency graph from the Matrix as well. Right click on the intersection (Colored columns) and say Build a Graph, pretty simple. Below is the screen shot of the Dependency graph of TwitterApp with TwitterCommunicator class

image

Dependency Matrix provides a more in depth graph. From the screen shot you can see the depth of the description it provides. I don’t think I need to give any more explanation of the above graph. NDepend made your code analysis smooth and simple.

Summary

As I told earlier I just scratched the tip of an iceberg. In this post I left behind so many other features of NDepend, I will add more post about NDepend later. As Scott Hanselman said in his blog Exiting the Zone of Pain, yes NDepend is really a pain reliever. Investing some money to acquire this tool is worth. NDepend have a free trial version for open source projects and Academic purpose.  Visit NDepend site for more details.

Written by Sony Arouje

October 29, 2010 at 12:54 pm

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